Moles are made up of the pigment forming cells called melanocytes. The medical name is nevi or nevus. There are many different types of moles. Removal of a mole is performed under local anaesthetic. Surgical options include excision biopsy (this removes the entire mole) or shave biopsy (which removes just the top half). It is recommended to have the entire mole removed even if it is just for cosmetic reasons as the remaining portion of the mole can be hard to visualise and there is a very small risk that if it were to turn cancerous it would be very hard to spot in the early phases. Dr Nelson will counsel you about the best option for you. Should you choose to have a mole removed Dr Nelson will first cleanse the skin before excising the mole in an ellipse. The mole will be sent for analysis (histology).